Neither the current Parliament nor the current President are lawful Parliament and the lawful President, in the Republic of Turkey after November 3, 2019.

The Provisional Article 21 of the Turkish Constitution states, that the General Elections of the “Turkey’s Grand National Assembly for the 27th Legislative Period” and the President shall be held, together on November 3, 2019.

In the same article of the constitution, there is another rule. In the event, that the Parliamentary Assembly issues an election decision to hold the elections earlier, the General Election of the 27th Legislative Period and the Presidential election are held together; however, in order to hold the elections earlier, it is a constitutional condition that there must be no provision in the Constitution, stating the exact date of the elections for the Parliament and the President is 3rd November 2019.

In other words, no one is able to hold elections earlier, as long as, there is a clear rule in the constitution, that states, that the elections shall be held on 3rd November 2019.

Even, if Turkish Parliament had decided, to hold the general elections earlier with a parlimentarial decision, the General Elections for Parliament and the President, can not be held earlier, because there is a clear provision in the Provisional Article 21 of the Turkish Constitution. This article clearly states, that the both elections for Parliament and the President, shall be held together on 3rd November 2019.

Consequently, the General Elections for the Parliament and the President, can not be held earlier then 3rd November 2019 with a Parliamentary Decision, without removing such date of the election stated in the provisional Articles 21 of the constitution.

In order to hold the elections early, the Parliament should have first changed the exact date in the Provisional Article 21 of the Constitution for the elections of the Parliamentary and the Presidential elections, that was November 2019, to an earlier date. Such change could have been made only in accordance with the Article 175 of the Constitution, but it was impossible to make such constitutional change since there was no majority votes to make such constitutional change by the political parties in power, were inadequate, so, the major political parties in the parliament breached the constitution and held the elections earlier than the date stated in the constitution.

Since, there is such simple rule in law of Constitution, neither the Parliament nor the President are lawful Parliament and the lawful President, in the Republic of Turkey after November 3, 2019.

Source Provisional Article 21 of the Turkish Constitution

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